Victorian Petroleum Companies
Winner of the SAGE/ILTA Book Award 2016 Re-examining Language Testing explores ideas that form the foundations of language testing and assessment. The discussion is framed within the philosophical and social beliefs that have forged the practices endemic in language education and policy today. From historical and cultural perspectives, Glenn Fulcher considers the evolution of language assessment, and contrasting claims made about the nature of language and human communication, how we acquire knowledge of language abilities, and the ethics of test use. The book investigates why societies use tests, and the values that have driven changes in practice over time. The discussion is presented within an argument that an Enlightenment inspired view of human nature and advancement is most suited to a progressive, tolerant, and principled theory of language testing and validation. Covering key topics such as measurement, validity, accountability and values, Re-examining Language Testing provides a unique and innovative analysis of the ideas and social forces that shape the practice of language testing. It is an essential read for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of Applied Linguistics and Education. Professionals working in language testing and language teachers will also find this book invaluable.
"This book provides a general description of international sustainable mining practices since 1992 and formulates a standard definition of sustainable mining. It gives a detailed overview of the current status of mining practices in the Americas, Asia (with an emphasis on India), and Europe. Issues in sustainable mining practices addressed in this book include: the large volume of waste generated during mining; mine closure planning; managing the environmental impacts of mining; land use planning; and energy use management. The exclusive specialty of this book is entrenched in the detailed coverage of the sustainable mining systems and technologies that are currently used in developed countries." "Mineland reclamation and the role of environmental indicators in mining operations are discussed in great detail, with several examples of successful mineland reclamation in the U.S., and abandoned mineland reclamation in the western U.S." "A chapter is devoted to Best Mining Practices for Sustainable Mining and the concluding chapter of the book presents several case histories of sustainable mining practices in the Americas (including sustainable exploration practices), Asia (with emphasis on India) and Africa (Tanzania and Zambia)."--BOOK JACKET.
The book describes the current state of former opencast mines in six countries. The remediation and reclamation of abandoned opencast mines are considered as a chance for new sustainable ecological, sociological and cultural developments in the regions concerned. The examples quoted from different countries allow the results of different remediation strategies to be compared. By way of conclusion, some recommendations are given at the end.
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